Varicose veins can have different localization. Veins suffer not only in the lower extremities, but also in the pelvic area. Varicose veins of the labia arise against the background of disorders in the venous circulation, which often occur during pregnancy. However, every woman runs the risk of getting a pathology in the presence of adverse factors. To eliminate the disease, doctors resort to drug therapy and surgical intervention.
The veins of the female genital organs are deformed due to the weakness of the vessel walls and the insufficiency of the venous valves. Varicose veins of the vagina or labia are often hereditary.
Pregnancy is the main trigger. The birth of a child is accompanied by hormonal imbalance, weight gain, reduced motor activity and other phenomena that cause problems with blood outflow. The perineum begins to swell and lumps form.
In other women, vaginal varicose veins are caused by:
- Long-term use of hormonal drugs;
- heavy physical exertion;
- inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- standing up during the working day;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- regular constipation;
- harmful addictions (smoking, alcohol consumption).
The presence of a large number of reasons due to which varicose veins of the female genital organs can form should be the reason for a more attentive approach to one's own health.
If clinical signs of the disease appear, you should immediately consult a doctor for further studies and to arrange appropriate treatment.
Externally, varicose veins in the area of \u200b\u200bthe labia look almost the same as the defeat of the vessels of the lower extremities. On examination, it is easy to diagnose problems with the veins.
They change size, become ruffled, acquire a bluish tint. You can also observe spider veins and nodules emerging from under the skin.
In addition to visual changes, genital varicose veins in women are accompanied by:
- pain at the site of pathology;
- itching, burning;
- feeling of tension.
The discomfort is increased when a woman engages in physical exertion, engages in sexual intimacy, or visits the toilet. Such sensations negatively affect mood and cause severe irritability.
Varicose veins begin with the formation of a small nodule in the genital area.
Over time, more nodules appear, their size changes, while the patient cannot sit, walk or have sex normally. The skin of the perineum becomes dry and pigmented. When a woman carries a child, the pain before childbirth intensifies as much as possible.
Varicose veins, no matter where they are located, can lead to dangerous consequences.
Varicose veins formed on the labia can lead to:
- an increase in blood viscosity;
- venous thrombosis;
- Loss of vascular integrity when childbirth occurs with varicose veins of the labia, which can lead to significant blood loss and even death of the parturient.
If the part of the genitals affected at birth is not particularly affected by venous disease, there is a good chance the baby will be born naturally. With a significant lesion of the vagina, the patient is prepared for a cesarean section.
Signs of varicose veins are fairly easy to spot. Upon examination, a woman herself can determine the presence of a pathology. But in order to make a diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo an examination.
To get qualified help, the patient should consult a gynecologist-phlebologist. If necessary, you need to make an appointment with an angiosurgeon.
First, the specialist performs an external examination of the external genitalia, asks about the symptoms and takes a medical history.
The diagnostics also include:
- general blood test;
- vascular ultrasound.
The treatment plan is created taking into account the survey data.
Treatment of varicose veins of the labia
To cope with the pathology, the patient is prescribed drugs for internal and external use. If pregnancy is the cause of varicose veins, the disease often goes away after childbirth. While a woman is carrying a baby, it is rarely possible to get rid of the disease.
Therapy of varicose veins primarily involves the use of venotonics, while it is important that the treatment is prescribed by a phlebologist.
Also a list of drugs is presented:
- platelet aggregation inhibitors;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Drugs with an analgesic effect.
Taking ascorbic acid and tocopherol normalizes blood flow, reduces blood viscosity and increases the elasticity of vein walls.
One of the effective methods of treating the disease is the introduction of a sclerosant into the venous lumen, which helps to push blood and narrow the vessel. After sclerotherapy, the diseased vein loses its function and blood flow occurs via healthy vessels.
Effective and correct therapy will help reduce the severity of the clinical symptoms of the disease and stop the further development of the pathological process.
With the ineffectiveness of conservative methods, there is a need for surgical intervention. Vaginal varicose veins are eliminated with the help of phlebectomy, radiofrequency or laser coagulation. Surgical treatment is not excluded if the symptoms of varicose veins do not go away after childbirth.
Patients with varicose veins are recommended to wear compression stockings - panties or tights that support the pelvis. Panties are worn over underwear, which must be made of natural fabrics.
Pantyhose are used for prophylaxis, since damage to the vessels of the lower extremities often leads to varicose veins of the labia or vagina. The attending physician will help to choose options for medical knitwear.
way of life
In order to achieve good results in the treatment of pathology, in addition to taking medication, one cannot do without a change in the usual lifestyle. It is worth giving up harmful addictions that destroy health, include plant foods in the diet, walk in the fresh air more often and get enough rest.
Damage to the venous vessels of the pelvic organs can be avoided if attention is paid to prevention. Knowing about the factors that can provoke the disease, care must be taken to ensure that their influence is minimal or completely absent.
The pathological process can be prevented by:
- Check-ups at the gynecologist;
- wearing comfortable shoes and underwear made from natural materials;
- regular walking;
- Exclusion of foods that cause problems with bowel movements;
- baths with added sea salt;
- do physical exercises.
Doctors also advise donating blood for a coagulogram at least once a year.
A timely visit to the doctor when there is a suspicion of varicose veins of the genital organs is the key to a successful cure of an insidious disease. It is important to remember that the maximum therapeutic effect can be achieved only when taking medication is complemented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.