Laser treatment of varicose veins

In medicine, a minimally invasive method of combating the disease is increasingly used to treat varicose veins. This method is called endovascular laser coagulation of varicose veins (EVLK). Thanks to manipulation, people with varicose veins will be cured from the disease and get maximum results. Laser treatment for varicose veins is an easy way to treat the disease with minimal health risks. After treatment, complications and relapses are extremely rare.

Doctors are increasingly offering patients to remove varicose veins with a laser. The method is improved annually. Dozens of medical institutions offer laser sclerotherapy and obliteration of affected veins. The reason for the popularity of the method is easy to explain - after the operation, the patient gets rid of varicose veins and leaves the clinic healthy.

Laser coagulation of varicose veins came at the beginning of the XXI. Century into medicine and enabled doctors to make advances in the treatment of varicose veins. When the method was first introduced into medicine, the cost of the procedure was high and not everyone could use it. A single-use LED was used during the operation, a significant expense. Gradually, production became cheaper, which led to a reduction in process costs. Now everyone in need has the right to treat varicose veins with a laser.

Varicose veins on the leg and their laser treatment

How is the operation going?

During the operation, doctors use laser radiation to hit the wall of the affected vein or vessel directly. The laser emits heat, under the influence of which the sclerotherapy process takes place. The varicose vein is cauterized and sealed.

If we consider the burn process in detail, the first thing the doctor does is make a prick in the skin. A laser light guide is inserted into the vein. The element runs along the diseased section of the vein. Thanks to the light guide, a light beam with a wavelength of 1500 nm is generated. Hemoglobin in the blood absorbs the specified wave spectrum depending on the degree of oxygen saturation in the blood. When light energy is absorbed by hemoglobin, heat in the veins is released into the blood. The diseased vessel "brews" with the heat released from the inside, and the hole is closed. Laser radiation only affects the area of the varicose veins and does not damage the surrounding tissue.

A monitor of the ultrasound device is installed to control the process. During the operation, the vessels that have not changed under the influence of the disease are protected. This is done by giving a certain number of injections to fill the space around the veins.

After the necessary measures have been taken, the laser light guide is removed. The radiation emitted by the laser connects small particles of the affected vein, which is welded. Gradually the sclerotic areas dissolve.

Laser treatment of varicose veins

The result of the operation is that the blood no longer moves along the sections of the vascular lattice. Deep veins are used to supply blood to the desired area.

The patient is not admitted to the hospital for the procedure; the process takes place on an outpatient basis. First, ultrasound observation is carried out to pinpoint the location of the development of varicose veins. To choose the method of operation, the patient is sent for a full ultrasound scan.

How to prepare

The EVLK procedure is simple, the patient does not have to prepare. All you need to do is undergo a pre-screening exam to check for any restrictions. It is better to do research at the institution where the operation will be performed. During the examination, the doctor informs the patient about the drugs that are used in the EVLK.

If the patient is allergic to certain drugs, the patient reports the situation to the attending physician before the procedure. In addition, the patient informs the doctor about the medication taken, possibly the medication selected, in order to achieve maximum results and exclude complications, the doctor will ask you to temporarily stop taking it.

Before the operation, the patient must undress and remove jewelry. Metals make adjustments to how devices work.

Laser treatment of varicose veins

Advantages of the procedure

Laser treatment of varicose veins has many advantages. The main advantages are:

  • The procedure does not require anesthesia;
  • No hospitalization required, the operation is performed on an outpatient basis;
  • There is no need to make large incisions, just a small incision;
  • Quick recovery after surgery - 3-5 days;
  • A small number of relapses of the disease.

The main advantage of EVLK is that the procedure is performed without surgery. The patient recovers quickly. After a few days he will return to his usual way of life.

It takes a long time to recover after the operation. After EVLK, complications and relapses are extremely rare. The recovery phase brings no pain. After the procedure, the patient's symptoms of varicose veins disappear: the swelling does not bother, the heaviness in the legs disappears. The blood flow to the lower extremities is restored. Thanks to the EVLK procedure, the patient will not have an advanced degree of disease that leads to the development of ulcers on the skin, thrombophlebitis is unlikely.

If you cannot complete the procedure

Not every patient with varicose veins on the lower extremities is allowed to treat the disease with a laser. The EVLK procedure is not performed if the pathology has reached an advanced stage. Sometimes the method of treatment described is combined with an operation.

Laser surgery is used to treat varicose veins when the extent of the mouth of the main vein does not exceed 1 cm. The laser method of treating large veins is ineffective - varicose veins return. The EVLK procedure is not carried out:

  • with a tendency to form blood clots;
  • in the case of illnesses found during the examination;
  • with chronic circulatory disorder;
  • if it is not possible to use compression stockings after the procedure;
  • if there is no opportunity to actively move during the recovery period;
  • with high expansion of the saphenous vein;
  • with an inflammatory process in the area of the puncture;
  • during pregnancy and after childbirth for several months.

Results and recovery

The EVLK procedure is painless and gentle, after which the patient should adhere to the recommendations during the recovery phase. After the operation, it is better for the patient not to walk for several hours; it is better to leave the clinic by car, but not by car.

Bed rest after laser treatment of varicose veins

When you get home, it is better to go to bed, lie down. After several hours, the patient is advised to maintain an active lifestyle. Do not lie, do not sit, do not stand for a long time - such behavior leads to complications. After the procedure, a compression stocking is put on to reduce inflammation and accelerate bruising. In two weeks, doctors recommend an examination and an ultrasound scan. Based on the results of the examination, the doctors will tell you how long you should continue to wear compression stockings.

It is better not to travel long distances for a couple of weeks, because driving will put a lot of stress on the human circulation.

A positive dynamic is observed in almost every patient who has undergone the procedure for the destruction of varicose veins of the lower extremities. Symptoms and signs of the disease do not appear even after a year. At regular intervals there is renewal of varicose veins on the legs. More often, patients who refuse to change their lifestyle come to a similar conclusion.

The positive result of treatment is obtained in the first year after the procedure for removing the veins in the legs. The vessels and veins of the lower extremities that are exposed to laser radiation gradually become easily noticeable, do not return to the preoperative state. The heaviness in the legs, "stars from blood vessels" and other symptoms disappear. A person's gait becomes light and airy.

Every patient should know that a lifestyle change is needed to prolong the result and maintain a healthy condition of the veins in the legs. After treatment, the patient should refuse to often wear high-heeled shoes, it is better to remove uncomfortable and tight clothes from the wardrobe, not stand for a long time, exclude prolonged physical activity.

It is recommended that you monitor your weight and diet. Try to do exercises every morning, take a 30-minute walk in the fresh air in the evening. Massage your feet with a stiff brush while taking a bath.

Every person who has undergone laser treatment should know that the most positive result can be achieved with complex treatment.