More than half of the people on earth are faced with a disease as serious as varicose veins. Many do not value it or take any measures to treat it. The pathology progresses and causes a number of serious complications: from thrombophlebitis to sepsis, gangrene and death.
What are varicose veins?
Varicose veins are a pathology characterized by an irreversible change in the veins, their stretching, which affects the flow of blood to the heart. Most often the disease is localized on the lower extremities, but sometimes it affects the hands, pelvic area.
The main risk factors for the development of varicose veins are:
- Older age.After 45 years, the cells in the body renew themselves much more slowly, as a result of which blood circulation suffers. It is also worth checking the presence of chronic comorbidities, old injuries, lifestyle, etc.
- Inheritance.Scientists have shown that the predisposition to varicose veins is transmitted at the genetic level.
- Obesity.The higher the weight, the more stress is placed on the venous valves. They become weaker over time from constant pressure.
- Sedentary lifestyle.Muscle contraction plays an important role in the blood circulation process. If a person stands motionless or sits for several hours in a row, stagnant processes occur in the vascular bed.
Signs of illness
The main symptoms of varicose veins are:
- tired legs in the afternoon;
- Spider veins;
- Burning in the lower extremities;
- nocturnal cramps in the calf muscles;
- Itching around the veins;
- Discoloration of the skin next to diseased vessels;
- Pain when walking, feeling of fullness in legs;
- twisted, dilated veins that protrude above the surface of the skin.
Any of the above signs is also a good reason to see your doctor.
Treatment of varicose veins
Therapy for varicose veins should be comprehensive. This is a chronic pathology - it cannot be completely cured. The patient's job is to see a doctor at the first signs of the disease. The task of the doctor is to find out the cause of the progression of varicose veins, eliminate them, and also alleviate the symptoms of the pathology in order to prevent further development.
Therapy for varicose veins includes the use of anticoagulants, the use of anti-inflammatory, tonic ointments. The medication is selected individually by the attending physician.
In some cases, radical intervention is required. Held:
- Removal of damaged veins.This is a serious operation that is done in a hospital. The affected area of the vascular bed is removed and a bypass path for blood flow is established.
- Sclerotherapy.A minimally invasive procedure that involves injecting a special drug, sclerosant, into the lumen of the damaged vein. The stretched vessel sticks together, and it dissolves over time. The bypass path for blood flow is formed naturally.
"Gold standard" for varicose veins control. Special medical jersey with different compression exerts even pressure on the vascular bed of the lower extremities and "relieves" the weakened areas of the veins. This normalizes the blood flow and stops the progression of the varicose veins. Level 1 compression stockings can be purchased and worn individually -they will not do any harm, but underwear from 2 levels is prescribed by the doctor.
Performing simple exercises will help distribute the blood in the vessels and stimulate circulation. Exercises such as "bicycle", "scissors" etc. , which are performed in the prone position with the legs raised above the heart level, are recommended. For varicose veins, swimming, walking and aerobics are also shown. Moderate physical activity is effective.
It consists of putting medicinal leeches in the affected area. People are plotted in a checkerboard pattern, their number is calculated by the doctor. The saliva of leeches contains the blood-thinning substance hirudin and other trace elements useful for the vascular system. In combination with conservative treatment, hirudotherapy shows a good effect.
In the treatment of varicose veins, folk remedies have long been used. There are quite a few recipes that will help cope with the symptoms of the disease, get rid of pain, swelling and other unpleasant phenomena.
Why do people use folk remedies?
Many people postpone a visit to the doctor until the last moment. Each patient has his own reasons for this: some do not want to "poison" themselves with drugs, others are afraid of an operation, the third simply does not allow the financial situation. Yes, folk remedies help. You can change the degree of manifestation of symptoms ofReduce varicose veins, strengthen vein walls, normalize blood flow, relieve inflammation and pain, but the effect is only on the superficial veins.
Therefore, you need to understand: decoctions, tinctures and homemade ointments alone will not get rid of the problem. Home treatment can only be carried out after consultation with the doctor in combination with the prescribed conservative therapy.
Homemade recipes for varicose veins
There are many home treatments available for lower extremity varicose veins. Let's consider the most popular.
- Made from dried blueberries.The broth is prepared in a ratio of 1 tbsp. dried berries in a glass of boiling water. You need to drink 150 ml of liquid twice a day.
- From cypress.To prepare the broth, add 2 tablespoons of leaves and plant bark to 1 liter of boiling water, simmer on the stove for 10 minutes. Strain after cooling, take a solution of 7 tablespoons daily.
- Made from hazelnut leaves.Brew a glass of crushed plant with a liter of water and boil for an hour. Take 0. 5 cups of broth twice a day.
- Made from honey and nutmeg.The broth is prepared in the proportion of a glass of ground spices for 1 liter of boiling water and 5 tbsp. Honey. Mix all components, boil, cool. Drink a glass 2 times a day - in the morning one hour before meals, in the evening 2 hours after meals.
- Made from the fruit of the horse chestnut.In a three-liter jar, fold the peel and seeds of the plant so that it takes up half of the container. Pour 1. 5 liters of vodka over the horse chestnut. Remove the tincture in a dark place for a month. It needs to be mixed three times a week. After 30 days, take one tablespoon of the infusion before each meal. The duration of treatment is 14 days.
- Made from lilac leaves.It is necessary to half fill a liter jar with a plant, pour vodka on top and leave for 7 days. When the solution is ready, take it for a tablespoon twice a day.
- From the flowers of the white acacia.Pour 100 g of plant inflorescences with 0. 5 liters of vodka, leave for 14 days. The resulting tincture needs to be abundantly wiped over the affected area.
- Made from carrots, apple cider vinegar and aloe vera.Mix the grated vegetables with the plant in a ratio of 1: 1, stir thoroughly, add a few drops of apple cider vinegar. Apply to the problem area before going to bed.
- From marigold.Grind a few flowers of the plant and mix them with a teaspoon of boiling water. Mix with 20 ml of normal moisturizer. Apply to the affected area twice a day.
- Made from sour milk.Wipe the affected area with sour milk twice a day.
- Made from aloe vera.It is necessary to cut the plant leaf lengthways and attach it to the damaged area.
- Fresh burdock leaf.Rinse the plant with warm water and apply it to the sore leg overnight. Fix with a gauze bandage.
- Fresh potatoes.Cut root vegetables into slices, apply to the affected area overnight, fix with a bandage. In addition to potatoes, tomatoes can also be used in a similar way.
- Made from garlic, orange pulp, honey and olive oil.Put all components in equal parts in a container, close and let rest for 12 hours. Then apply as a compress to the affected area.
- Made from apple cider vinegar.The acid must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1. Moisten gauze or a board in liquid, apply to the problem area, leave for 20 minutes, then rinse with clean water.
- From cabbage leaves.They must be applied to the affected area at night and fixed with gauze or a cloth bandage.
- With the addition of clay.With a glass of red clay, dip your feet in a bowl of warm water. Stir the powder gently - this is how you take a foot bath and do gymnastics at the same time. The optimal duration of the procedure is 30 minutes.
- With the addition of dry marsh herbs.Prepare a decoction in the amount of 100 g of the plant per 1 liter of water. Cool it, pour it into a bowl, lower your legs there. The procedure takes 30-40 minutes.
- With the addition of willow and oak bark tincture.The composition can be bought at the pharmacy or you can prepare it yourself, putting a glass of dried plants in a liter of vodka. Then it should be added to the foot baths in the amount of 50 g per 1 liter of water.
- With the addition of pine buds and vinegar.Boil a liter of water, add 2 tablespoons there. Plants and 1 tbsp. Vinegar. Pour the broth in a basin, dilute it to a comfortable temperature, lower your legs and take a bath for 15-20 minutes.
A varied and healthy diet is important for varicose veins. Make sure to include the following foods in your diet:
- Citrus fruits;
- Bulgarian peppers;
- green tea;
- The Brussels sprouts;
- fresh herbs;
- White rice;
Constipation is very dangerous for veins. An excellent natural way to combat them is with boiled beets and plums.
You should stop eating fatty, fried, salty, sweet pastries and carbonated drinks. The basis of the diet should be vegetables, fruits, poultry and fish, as well as dairy products. We recommend steaming or in the oven with a minimal amount of oil.
Which home treatment method is better to choose
Experts take turns recommending alternative methods of treating varicose veins, combining different methods. Don't just focus on one option. You should take tinctures, use decoctions, make baths and lotions, treat the affected area with ointments. An integrated approach produces the best results.
At what stage of varicose veins should you see a doctor?
At the first sign of varicose veins, you should consult a doctor. There is no need to wait until the last one, as the pathology is relentlessly progressing and can lead to serious complications. Treating varicose veins with folk remedies will only delay the inevitable. Remember: you will not be able to cope with the disease at home. See a doctor, consult, follow the doctor's recommendations. Only then will you see a pronounced therapeutic effect.
Contraindications to traditional methods of treatment
The main contraindications to treatment with folk remedies are:
- inflammatory diseases;
- Autoimmune diseases;
- exacerbation of chronic pathologies;
- malignant neoplasms.
Don't experiment with your own health. Entrust the treatment to professionals!