What are Pelvic Varicose Veins in Women?

Varicose veins of the pelvis in women are a common problem. The main secret of the disease is that it is difficult to diagnose in the early stages and can easily be confused with other "female" problems such as colpitis.

The first manifestations of the disease appear in adolescence, but they are almost asymptomatic or are accompanied by an insignificant discharge.

At this stage, misinterpretations and further treatment arise that do not correspond to the actual problem.

Only with increasing age do women experience pain. But often at this stage, pelvic varicose veins can become chronic.

classification

Stages

The development of such a pathology in women includes 3 stages:

Vein diameter stays within 7 mm The process is localized exclusively along the upper wall of the left ovary.
Vein diameter reaches 9 mm In this case, the left ovary is fully expanded, and expansion is also observed in the uterine cavity and affects the right ovary.
Vein diameter ranges from 10 to 13 mm As the vessels expand, the ovaries become the same size and the veins on the left are deeper than on the right.
Pain in the lower abdomen in a woman with pelvic varicose veins

8 out of 10 cases of pelvic varicose veins in women affect one of the ovaries (usually the left one), and only 1 in 100 cases does the process occur on the broad ligament of the uterine cavity.

The earlier perineal varicose veins are diagnosed, the more effective the treatment and the better the prognosis.

Labia (vulva)

This pathology most often occurs during pregnancy, when the female body undergoes significant changes:

  • significant weight gain;
  • hormonal changes.

This puts a lot of strain on the veins of the small pelvis and tends to expand, so a bandage is indicated during pregnancy.

In other cases, varicose veins in the labia can be triggered by:

  • sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work;
  • Overweight and obesity of any kind;
  • physical activity that does not correspond to the level of training;
  • Malfunction of the venous valves associated with congenital and acquired defects;
  • weak tone of the veins and vein walls.

Pregnant women and women giving birth are therefore at risk. In other cases, it is important to pay attention to the woman's lifestyle and hereditary factor.

Vagina (vaginal) Varicose veins of the vagina are conditions that are difficult to diagnose due to the lack of symptoms.

This pathology is presented in two forms:

  • primary varicose veins, when the ovarian veins are not working properly;
  • secondary varicose veins that are a result of surgeries and other manipulations in a woman's pelvic area.

To make a diagnosis, a gynecologist usually performs a palpation procedure. In addition, the accompanying symptoms are also taken into account:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen, especially intense with physical exertion;
  • Painful intercourse;
  • increased sensitivity in the perineal area.

A more precise diagnosis is possible with ultrasound.

The provoking factors for the development of the disease are:

  • Pregnancy;
  • Inheritance;
  • the presence of bad habits;
  • Diseases of the vascular system;
  • hormonal disorders.

According to statistics, the expansion of the veins of the vagina is observed in women over 30 years of age.

Facts about the disease

Small pelvic varicose veins in women can be corrected and treated in most cases, but the main difficulty is getting the correct diagnosis. If a mistake is made, the pathology develops into a chronic form, and the prognosis becomes more unfavorable.

The main reasons for the development of varicose veins in the pelvis in women are:

  • Obstruction of the venous trunks;
  • pathological (often congenital) obstruction of veins in the pelvic area.

The age range of occurrence of "female" varicose veins is quite wide. One in five cases occurs at the age of 17. Nevertheless, the vast majority of cases of varicose veins of the pelvis are recorded at the age of 45 years and older.

causes

When asked what provokes this type of varicose veins, to this day doctors cannot give a single answer. However, experts identify a number of reasons that can lead to such a disease:

  • the length of pregnancy and childbirth, and the risk increases with frequent pregnancies;
  • Hypodynamia associated with long periods of sitting or standing without regular posture changes;
  • the use of interrupted sexual intercourse as the main means of protection;
  • hormonal disorders, including those that cause menstrual irregularities;
  • hereditary mechanism;
  • gynecological diseases;
  • Hard physical work.

The risk of illness increases when several factors act at the same time.

Symptoms of pelvic varicose veins in women

If one or more symptoms appear, an appointment with a specialist is required to identify varicose veins of the pelvis:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen, aggravated by physical exertion;
  • Painful intercourse;
  • premenstrual syndrome and painful periods;
  • Pain in the perineum and when urinating;
  • visual tracing of veins on the buttocks, thighs.

In addition to pain, you should pay attention to the appearance of certain secretions.

diagnosis

At the first visit, the doctor may make a visual diagnosis of the condition of the woman's veins in the perineum, thighs and buttocks, as well as palpation. However, these techniques are not enough to make an accurate diagnosis.

For this reason, a specialist usually prescribes a follow-up examination with medical devices:

  • Ultrasound dopplerography of the small pelvis;
  • transuterine venography;
  • Laparoscopy;
  • selective ovarcography;
  • Computed Tomography.
Woman with pelvic varicose veins when visiting doctor

In the event that a woman has any comorbidities, a number of specific diagnostic procedures are also carried out.

treatment

The treatment program is based on the following objectives:

  • Stopping blood flow in the opposite direction through the veins of the ovaries;
  • Bringing the vascular tone to a normal state;
  • Normalization of blood supply in tissues;
  • Relief from pain and bleeding.

Treatment is divided into two phases and includes drug therapy followed by the development of an exercise program. The latter have the task of preventing a relapse. Venotonics with varicose veins of the pelvis prevent blood clots from forming and increase the tone of the veins.

If traditional treatment does not bring a positive result, they resort to a surgical method. The most common surgery is embolization, which clogs the veins in the ovaries. In extreme cases, it is possible to remove an area of the affected vein.

Home remedies

In the recipes of traditional medicine, the most popular remedies for pelvic varicose veins are such as chaga or kombucha, green horse chestnut and dandelion rhizome.

Various infusions and decoctions based on it are used to strengthen the walls of blood vessels and increase venous tone.

prophylaxis

Preventive measures will help prevent an unpleasant disease:

  1. Compliance with the daily routine with mandatory work breaks.
  2. Exclusion of long periods of sitting or standing.
  3. Physical work should be possible.
  4. A diet to avoid constipation and excessive strain on the intestines.
  5. Rejection of bad habits.
  6. Daily alternating shower in the crotch area.
  7. Regular exercise and breathing exercises.
  8. Selection and regular wearing of compression garments.
  9. Regular medical examination and taking the necessary medication.

These simple rules will help avoid varicose veins, but also during the recovery phase after treatment.

Complications

If the disease is detected too late or the treatment is created and carried out in an illiterate manner, pelvic varicose veins lead to a number of complications in women, namely:

  • inflammatory processes of the uterus and appendages;
  • Bladder diseases;
  • Uterine bleeding.

The most dangerous complication is pelvic vein thrombosis. However, according to statistics, such a pathology is possible only in 1-2% of cases of varicose veins.

Exercises

For varicose veins of the pelvis, the following exercises are recommended:

"Bicycle"
  • Lying on the floor and bending your knees, you need to lift them up and make rotational movements in the air, like riding a bicycle.
  • An important requirement for this is the position of the back and lower back. They should be pressed firmly against the surface.
  • Exercise several times a week.
"Scissors"
  • It is necessary to lie on the floor with your arms outstretched.
  • The legs perform movements similar to the work of scissors, i. H. alternately cross your legs.
"Birch" You also lie on your back. Support yourself on your shoulder blades, raise your legs and hold them for as long as possible.
Semi squats
  • With your legs shoulder-width apart, you begin to crouch slowly without dropping below knee level.
  • You linger in this position for a moment and then rise.
  • Do the exercise up to 15 times.
You sit on the floor with your hands behind your back
  • One leg is bent at the knee and the other is slowly raised.
  • Practice on each leg up to 15 times.

Yoga is extremely effective for pelvic varicose veins. A sedentary lifestyle is one of the key factors behind the development of varicose veins. Therefore, doctors place great emphasis on physical activity for preventive and restorative purposes.

Timely diagnosis and competent treatment give a rather favorable prognosis for varicose veins of the pelvis. If you develop pulling pains and a specific discharge, you should see a doctor.

The neglected forms of varicose veins can develop serious complications. The best preventive measures against the disease are an active lifestyle and the correct alternation between periods of stress and rest.