Many people face varicose veins in their life. Unfortunately, this is a fairly common phenomenon and affects not only the legs, as is usually believed, but other organs as well. Fortunately, it's treatable. True, it is long and complex and should only be started after fully understanding the reasons for its occurrence.


The main symptoms of the onset of the disease:

  • the appearance of spider veins or even a web;
  • veins are now visible;
  • The skin on the legs is uncomfortably dry.
  • cramps in the leg muscles;
  • swelling of the legs and heaviness at the end of the day;
  • thickening or darkening;
  • veins are tender.
Varicose veins

What are varicose veins? This question torments many middle-aged people and not only. This term refers to the swelling of the veins in the lower extremities. The veins swell, form lumps, become very tortuous, and form a lumpy blue surface.

This is because the blood flow in the veins is not good enough. The blood stops moving as it should, which increases the pressure in the vein. When it exceeds all normal levels, excess blood begins to have a stretching effect on the walls of the veins. The edges of the vessels move closer to the upper layer of the epidermis and become visible to the naked eye. The first sign of varicose veins is the manifestation of vascular networks. Vessels on the legs that are visible through the surface of the skin are sick.

Varicose veins - what they have known since ancient times. Even doctors from Byzantium mentioned this disease in their writings. The Egyptians were concerned with elastic bandages, and Hippocrates, Avicenna, and Paracelsus tried to develop more effective treatments.

It is very scary that this pathology has a high prevalence - approximately 25 percent of the world population is susceptible to this disease. Phlebologists say that the main cause of varicose veins is poor connective tissue development on the legs. Most often, women suffer from this disease, since constant hormonal changes create good conditions for the development of the disease.

What is varicose veins


Good, strong veins require constant self-care. In the initial stage, varicose veins destroy the beauty of the legs, pose a minor threat to health, but later cause complications and are life-threatening. Most often, varicose veins of other organs are companions of various diseases, and in order to have a real effect, it is necessary to treat them along with them. Risk groups who must first remember about varicose vein prevention:

  1. Anyone who leads a sedentary lifestyle.
  2. Worth a lot during the day, for example at work.
  3. Who is overweight or obese?
  4. Wears high heels or shoes that are too tight.
  5. Has a disease (or recent surgery) in the pelvic area.
  6. Wears tight clothing that restricts blood flow.
  7. Often sits cross-legged.
  8. pregnant.
  9. Athletes who train with regular overload.
  10. Takes hormones.

Many people do not know that they are carriers of a serious illness. The advanced stage of this disease is treated quite harshly, unlike the original stage. Therefore, everyone, especially those with poor inheritance, needs to know what varicose veins are, what symptoms they have, and remember them - a timely call to a phlebologist is simply necessary, as is a preventive exam by a dentist. You have to take care of your own health and not let things go by themselves.

Varicose veins, what are they?

To understand what varicose veins are, let's look at the underlying causes of this disease. As you know, our body is pervaded by a frequent network of blood vessels, some of which drive blood to the cardiac veins, while others, on the contrary, carry it in the opposite direction - these are arteries. As long as the system is working properly and the blood vessels are clean, elastic and not exposed to excessive stress, everything is fine. If regular failures occur, sooner or later they can lead to diseases, one of which is varicose veins.

It can appear anywhere on the body, but it is most common on the extremities. Partly because lifting blood on the legs makes the veins withstand high loads, partly because our limbs are one of the "busiest" parts of our body - we have to lift weights, walk a lot, stand or sit, which is bad as normalDisturbs blood flow.


The most common form of this disease, which occurs mainly with the mention of varicose veins, varicose veins of the legs. His first symptoms were listed above, but what can neglecting treatment lead to? Here are the main complications of this disease:

  • thrombophlebitis;
  • phlebothrombosis;
  • trophic ulcers;
  • bleeding varicose veins.

What is thrombophlebitis?This is inflammation of the walls of the external veins and the appearance of blood clots, which not only restrict the space for blood flow, but, as a result, can completely block the vessel. It accompanies varicose veins of the extremities almost from the start. And a person who, in the end, does not deal with their veins in a bouquet of complications, gets acute thrombophlebitis, when a thrombus not only disturbs blood circulation, but is also the focus of inflammation, and not only the walls of the vessels, but also nearby onesTissue concerns.

Phlebothrombosis- so-called deep vein thrombophlebitis, no less serious and difficult to treat disease when thrombosis disrupts blood flow and the vessels and tissues around it become inflamed. What is thrombosis? This is the appearance of blood clots in the vessels that interfere with blood flow or even completely block the lumen of the blood vessels. Even a partial reduction in the supply of fresh blood slows tissue metabolism and leads to the accumulation of its products, and complete blockage can ultimately lead to cell death, that is, tissue necrosis.

The particular danger of these diseases is that they can eventually lead to thromboembolism - a rupturing thrombus travels with the blood flow through the body and clogs one of the large arteries, which in turn can be fatal.

Another serious problem, last-degree varicose veins, are trophic ulcers - open wounds that do not heal for a long time. How long? If the wound does not even think of healing within a month and a half, then it is a trophic ulcer. It is treated, but this is a long and complex treatment when you need to combine surgical and therapeutic methods.

A complication like bleeding from varicose veins is no less dangerous. It can be caused both simply by thinning of the blood vessels at points of thickening and by mechanical stress. Because it doesn't cost anything to damage a vessel that has become thinner and lost its elasticity. Don't think that this only applies to the external veins, which are so "gentle" and prone to stress, bumps, and displacement.

The consequences of not treating varicose veins in the photo:

The consequences of not treating varicose veins

The varicose veins in the video make an even more depressing impression. To prevent this from happening, you need to consult a doctor as soon as possible and follow all his instructions, both in terms of treatment and lifestyle.

Types of varicose

As mentioned above, there are other types of varicose veins. There are many of them, these diseases occur for various reasons, and when some are widespread enough, others are very rare, usually associated with other diseases.

  1. Reticular varicose veins - a network of blue stars on the thighs and calves. It occurs even in young and thin people, and it is often considered only a cosmetic defect, although this is the first bell - you need to see a phlebologist.
  2. Asterisks and vascular network on the face are a reason to see an endocrinologist, as it often shows that a person has problems in the endocrine system. Although the reason may be in the way of life - alcohol abuse, fatty and junk food, sunburn, the habit of crushing acne.
  3. Varicose veins of the hands - most often this problem occurs in athletes and those whose work requires constant serious stress on the hands.
  4. Varicocele is a varicose vein around the testicles. A very common pathology, and therefore, at the first symptoms, men, especially adolescents, need to consult a doctor, since non-treatment often leads to infertility.
  5. Hemorrhoids - varicose veins of the rectum. Not only a sedentary lifestyle can lead to this, but weight lifting, pregnancy, constipation and many more reasons can lead to this.
  6. varicose veins of the legs - has several stages and if you do not start treatment at the initial stage, it can lead to serious vascular diseases and disabilities.
  7. Varicose veins of the internal organs - usually occur as a complication of other diseases or in the postoperative period. It can be varicose veins of the pelvic organs, stomach, esophagus, etc.

This is a short list of the main types of this serious illness. For information on the treatment of varicose veins of any type, see the detailed articles on our website. We try to talk about traditional and modern treatment methods on a regular basis.


The origin of this problem is bipedal locomotion, which means that we are the only species on earth that is affected. We're not going to look at pseudoscientific hypotheses that explain why this happened, although some of them are pretty funny. One assumes, for example, that humanity came from Mars to Earth, where gravity is much lower, and therefore our body is not adapted to earthly stresses, the other that humans were created by aliens and are somewhere underdeveloped. Be that as it may, bipedal locomotion requires the blood vessels to reach a considerable height, which means they are exposed to serious stress.

Normally this system works harmoniously, blood quickly and evenly supplies all parts of the body with oxygen and essential substances. However, when failure occurs (such as trauma) or the body is constantly affected by adverse factors (hard work, heavy weight, hormonal deficiency, etc. ), CVI - Chronic Venous Insufficiency - develops. In the last few decades this disease has become noticeably younger and now occurs not only in the older generation, but also in young people. Therefore everyone has to know their symptoms:

  • Telangiectasia - expansion of small superficial vessels;
  • swelling of the legs, worse in the evening;
  • cramps, goose bumps and other painful sensations in the calf muscles;
  • cold feet;
  • pigmentation of the skin of the legs;
  • general discomfort and tiredness during the day.

As you can see, they largely coincide with the symptoms of varicose veins listed at the beginning of the article as this is the beginning of the same disease - varicose veins. Therefore, if you have at least some of these signs, you should immediately contact a phlebologist who will prescribe treatment for you and help you decide about your diet and lifestyle. Varicose veins are not a disease that can be cured with pills, but rather a way of life that must be followed constantly in order not to face more serious stages of their development.

The cause of the problem is the upright posture

Modern science offers many treatment methods that to a certain extent compensate for the CVI, both eliminate its external manifestations and generally have a positive effect on the condition of the blood vessels. For example, read about spider veins on the legs, their causes and treatment. Medicine now offers a number of measures to combat this "cosmetic" defect, including:

  • conservative therapy - ointments and tablets to strengthen the walls of blood vessels and stimulate blood flow;
  • compression therapy - special medical underwear;
  • invasive therapy - microthermocoagulation, microsclerotherapy.

Effective methods of eliminating telangiectasia and its causes also include therapeutic exercises and lymphatic drainage massages.

It is much more difficult to treat varicose veins with complications, but again, an integrated approach does its job. What is meant? This is what modern medicine has to offer:

  1. Therapeutic methods - drugs, special underwear, massage, physiotherapy.
  2. Surgical methods (phlebectomy, miniflebectomy, short stripping, endoscopic vein dissection, etc. ). This is the most radical method of treating varicose veins, which requires not only preparation for surgery, its professional performance, but also qualified postoperative observation.

Medical treatment for varicose veins involves the use of drugs both for oral administration - such as drops, tablets and capsules, and for application to the skin - these are various ointments that are used for rubbing aching legs. Some drugs narrow and strengthen blood vessels, others relieve inflammation, and others reduce blood clotting so they can only be used as prescribed by a doctor. External remedies, that is, various creams, ointments, and jellies, usually have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. Often they add components that affect blood clotting. These drugs mainly act on superficial vessels, but have fewer contraindications.

If chronic venous insufficiency has been discovered, if possible, the causes of the venous disease must be ruled out. That is, to change jobs that involve being on your feet all day or lifting weights, losing weight, giving up spicy foods, etc. It is clear that, for example, hereditary predisposition can not be eliminated, but knowing about it, you can choose a suitable profession and monitor the condition of your veins, including visiting a phlebologist once a year for prevention. Despite all the advances in medicine, our health is still in our hands.